Ary

Ary

Borg and Gall

Coburn

Fine: Qualitative Studies

Fine: Quantitative Studies

L. R. Gay

Hittleman and Simon

Romig

Criteria for Synthesis Research

Ward

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ary Checklist for Evaluating Research Reports 

Ary, D.; Jacobs, L. C.; and Razavieh, A. (1996). Introduction to Research in Education.

 

Title

Does the title make clear the population of interest and the major variables?

Have vague, ambiguous, and emotion-laden terms been avoided?

 

Statement of the Problem

Have the variables of interest been identified?

Has the theoretical foundation for the study been developed?

Is the problem clearly stated?

 

Related Literature

Is the related literature relevant and sufficient?

Are the connections between the present study and the previous research and theory made clear?

 

Hypotheses

Are the hypotheses explicit?

Do the hypotheses follow logically from the statement of the problem?

 

Subjects

Is the population of interest defined?

Is the method for selecting the sample explicit?

Does the sampling allow for generalization to the population of interest?

 

Procedures

Are the procedures described well enough to allow replication of the study?

Do the procedures include appropriate operational definitions of the independent variables?

Do the procedures provide sufficient control for internal validity?

Do the procedures provide sufficient control for external validity?

 

Instruments

Are the instruments adequately described?

Is information on the validity and reliability of the instruments provided?

Are the instruments appropriate operational definitions of the dependent variables?

 

Analysis of the Data

Are the descriptive statistics used appropriate for summaries of the data?

Are the inferential statistics used appropriate for testing the hypotheses?

Have the statistics been interpreted appropriately?

Are the statistics appropriate for the level of measurement of the data?

 

Results

Are the results of all hypotheses tests presented?

Are the statistics interpreted correctly?

Are the results clearly presented?

Are the connections between the results and theory and related literature shown?

 

Conclusions

Are the conclusions clearly presented?

Do the conclusions follow logically from the results of the study?

Has the author avoided reaching conclusions that are not directly supported by the outcomes?

 

Implications and Applications

Does the author present implications of the study results?

Are the implications presented based on the results of the study and not on what the author hoped or expected to be true?

Are appropriate applications discussed?

Do the applications follow logically from the results of the study?

 

Summary

Is the summary clear, concise, and sufficiently complete?

 

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